Jesus and the Woman of Samaria

Jesus and the Woman of Samaria, woodcut by Gustave Doré (1832-1883).
The woman said, “I know that Messiah” (called Christ) “is coming. When he comes, he will explain everything to us.” Then Jesus declared, “I who speak to you am he.” (John 4: 25-26)

Who Is Jesus? —
Details Written Long Before

Edited by Henry H. Mitchell, 2011–2015.

The following is a partial list of Scriptures which relate to the Messiah. Scroll down or click on these links:

The dates listed below for the Old Testament prophecies regarding the Messiah are approximations taken from F. LaGard Smith, Editor, The Narrated Bible: In Chronological Order, Harvest House Publishers, Eugene, Oregon, 1984. Even the most skeptical of commentators date the Old Testament books generations, if not centuries, prior to the events involving Jesus. Thus the large number of prior descriptions, showing a powerful unseen hand intervening from “outside time,” make an overwhelming logical case for Jesus' supernatural identity, mission, and relevance to every human.

In fact, that logical case was a major topic of teaching by Jesus and the Apostles. (See Who Is Jesus? — First Sermons and Teachings. Further details are displayed at Who Is Jesus? — Descriptive Names.)




The Messiah's Family Identity and Birth Foretold

Prophecy Date Fulfillment

Offspring of Woman:

And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring [seed] and hers; he will crush [strike] your head, and you will strike his heel. Genesis 3: 15
1425BC But after he had considered this, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream and said, “Joseph son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary home as your wife, because what is conceived in her is from the Holy Spirit. She will give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus, because he will save his people from their sins.” Matthew 1: 20-21

But when the time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under law… Galatians 4: 4

Descendant of Abraham:

The LORD had said to Abram, “…all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.” Genesis 12: 1-3

“I swear by myself, declares the LORD, that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son…through your offspring [seed] all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me.” Genesis 22: 15-18
1425BC A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham… Matthew 1: 1

Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph…the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham… Luke 3: 23-34

[Paul writing to the Galatians:] The promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed. The Scripture does not say “and to seeds," meaning many people, but “and to your seed,” meaning one person, who is Christ. Galatians 3: 16

Descendant of Isaac:

But God said to him, “…it is through Isaac that your offspring [seed] will be reckoned.” Genesis 21: 12
1425BC A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham: Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob… Matthew 1: 1-2

Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph…the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham… Luke 3: 23-34

Descendant of Jacob:

“I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near. A star will come out of Jacob; a scepter will rise out of Israel…” Numbers 24: 17

[Note: “Jacob” and “Israel” are the same person: “God said to him, ‘Your name is Jacob, but you will no longer be called Jacob; your name will be Israel.’ So he named him Israel.” Genesis 35: 10]
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Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph…the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham… Luke 3: 23-34

A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham: Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob… Matthew 1: 1-2

But the angel said to her, “Do not be afraid, Mary, you have found favor with God. You will be with child and give birth to a son, and you are to give him the name Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over the house of Jacob forever; his kingdom will never end.” Luke 1: 30-33

From the tribe of Judah:

The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs and the obedience of the nations is his. Genesis 49: 10

But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times. Micah 5: 2
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Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph…the son of Judah, the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham… Luke 3: 23-34

A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham: Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers… Matthew 1: 1-2

For it is clear that our Lord descended from Judah… Hebrews 7: 14

From the family of Jesse:

A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit.…In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples…. Isaiah 11: 1-10
740BC Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph…the son of Jesse…the son of Judah, the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham… Luke 3: 23-34

A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham: Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers…and Jesse the father of King David.… Matthew 1: 1-6

From the family of David:

“The days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land.…” Jeremiah 23: 5

“In those days and at that time I will make a righteous Branch sprout from David's line; he will do what is just and right in the land.” Jeremiah 33: 15

For this is what the LORD says: “David will never fail to have a man to sit on the throne of Israel…“ Jeremiah 33: 17

“Now then, tell my servant David, ‘This is what the LORD Almighty says…I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom. He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever. I will be his father, and he will be my son.…your throne will be established forever.’” II Samuel 7: 8-16

The LORD swore an oath to David, a sure oath that he will not revoke: #8220;One of your own descendants I will place on your throne….” Psalms 132: 11
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Now Jesus himself was about thirty years old when he began his ministry. He was the son, so it was thought, of Joseph…the son of David, the son of Jesse…the son of Judah, the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham… Luke 3: 23-34

A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham: Abraham was the father of Isaac, Isaac the father of Jacob, Jacob the father of Judah and his brothers…and Jesse the father of King David.… Matthew 1: 1-6

As Jesus went on from there, two blind men followed him, calling out, “Have mercy on us, Son of David!” Matthew 9: 27

A Canaanite woman from that vicinity came to him, crying out, “Lord, Son of David, have mercy on me! My daughter is suffering terribly from demon-possession.” Matthew 15: 22

Two blind men were sitting by the roadside, and when they heard that Jesus was going by, they shouted, “Lord, Son of David, have mercy on us!” The crowd rebuked them and told them to be quiet, but they shouted all the louder, “Lord, Son of David, have mercy on us!” Matthew 20: 30-31

Then they came to Jericho. As Jesus and his disciples, together with a large crowd, were leaving the city, a blind man, Bartimaeus (that is, the Son of Timaeus), was sitting by the roadside begging. When he heard that it was Jesus of Nazareth, he began to shout, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” Many rebuked him and told him to be quiet, but he shouted all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!” Mark 10: 46-48

As Jesus approached Jericho, a blind man was sitting by the roadside begging. When he heard the crowd going by, he asked what was happening. They told him, “Jesus of Nazareth is passing by.” He called out, “Jesus, Son of David, have mercy on me!” Those who led the way rebuked him and told him to be quiet, but he shouted all the more, “Son of David, have mercy on me!” Luke 18: 35-39

The crowds that went ahead of him and those that followed shouted, “Hosanna to the Son of David!…”…But when the chief priests and the teachers of the law saw the wonderful things he did and the children shouting in the temple area, “Hosanna to the Son of David,” they were indignant. Matthew 21: 9-15

While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, “What do you think about the Christ? Whose son is he?̵ “The son of David,” they replied. He said to them, “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’? For he says, ‘The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.”’ If then David calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?” No one could say a word in reply, and from that day on no one dared to ask him any more questions. Matthew 22: 41-46

[Paul speaking at Antioch:] After removing Saul, he made David their king. He testified concerning him: “I have found David son of Jesse a man after my own heart; he will do everything I want him to do.” From this man's descendants God has brought to Israel the Savior Jesus, as he promised. Acts 13: 22, 23

“I, Jesus, have sent my angel to give you this testimony for the churches. I am the Root and the Offspring of David, and the bright Morning Star.” Revelation 22: 16

Child of a Virgin:

Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. Isaiah 7: 14
740BC His mother Mary was pledged to be married to Joseph, but before they came together, she was found to be with child through the Holy Spirit.…All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: ‘The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel’ — which means, ‘God with us.’…When Joseph woke up, he did what the angel of the Lord had commanded him and took Mary home as his wife. But he had no union with her until she gave birth to a son. And he gave him the name Jesus. Matthew 1: 18, 22-25

“How will this be,” Mary asked the angel, “since I am a virgin?” The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come upon you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. So the holy one to be born will be called[c] the Son of God.…” Luke 1: 34-35

Born in Bethlehem:

But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.
Micah 5: 2

[Spoken by the elders to Jesus' ancestors Boaz and Ruth:] May the LORD make the woman [Ruth] who is coming into your [Boaz's] home like Rachel and Leah, both of whom built the house of Israel; and may you achieve wealth in Ephrathah and become famous in Bethlehem. Ruth 4: 11
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After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod… Matthew 2: 1

When King Herod…had called together all the people's chief priests and teachers of the law, he asked them where the Christ was to be born. “In Bethlehem in Judea,” they replied, “for this is what the prophet has written….”…Then Herod…sent them to Bethlehem and said, “Go and make a careful search for the child. As soon as you find him, report to me, so that I too may go and worship him.” Matthew 2: 3-8

So Joseph also went up from the town of Nazareth in Galilee to Judea, to Bethlehem the town of David, because he belonged to the house and line of David. He went there to register with Mary, who was pledged to be married to him and was expecting a child. While they were there, the time came for the baby to be born, and she gave birth to her firstborn, a son.… Luke 2: 4-7

“…Does not the Scripture say that the Christ will come from David's family and from Bethlehem, the town where David lived?” John 7: 42

To Receive Gifts:

…the kings of Sheba and Seba [Arabia, “the east”] will present him gifts.…May gold from Sheba be given him.… Psalms 72: 10-15

…And all from Sheba will come, bearing gold and incense and proclaiming the praise of the LORD. Isaiah 60: 6
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After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem and asked, “Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him.”…On coming to the house, they saw the child with his mother Mary, and they bowed down and worshiped him. Then they opened their treasures and presented him with gifts of gold and of incense and of myrrh. Matthew 2: 1-11

Murder of Bethlehem's Children:

This is what the LORD says: “A voice is heard in Ramah, mourning and great weeping, Rachel weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted, because her children are no more.“ Jeremiah 31: 15
629BC When Herod realized that he had been outwitted by the Magi, he was furious, and he gave orders to kill all the boys in Bethlehem and its vicinity who were two years old and under, in accordance with the time he had learned from the Magi. Then what was said through the prophet Jeremiah was fulfilled: “A voice is heard in Ramah, weeping and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted, because they are no more.” Matthew 2: 16-18

The Messiah's Nature and Purpose Foretold

Prophecy Date Fulfillment

Son of God:

I will proclaim the decree of the LORD: He said to me, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father. Psalms 2: 7

“I will be his father, and he will be my son.…I will set him over my house and my kingdom forever; his throne will be established forever.” I Chronicles 17: 11-14

“I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom.…I will be his father, and he will be my son.…your throne will be established forever.” II Samuel 7: 11-16
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And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.” Matthew 3: 17

Then a cloud appeared and enveloped them, and a voice came from the cloud: “This is my Son, whom I love. Listen to him!” Mark 9: 7

While he was speaking, a cloud appeared and enveloped them, and they were afraid as they entered the cloud. A voice came from the cloud, saying, “This is my Son, whom I have chosen; listen to him.” Luke 9: 34-35

Then John gave this testimony: “…I have seen and I testify that this is the Son of God.” John 1: 32-34

Then Nathanael declared, “Rabbi, you are the Son of God; you are the King of Israel.” John 1: 49

Simon Peter answered, “You are the Christ, the Son of the living God.” Matthew 16: 16

At daybreak the council of the elders of the people, both the chief priests and teachers of the law, met together, and Jesus was led before them. “If you are the Christ,” they said, “tell us.” Jesus answered, “If I tell you, you will not believe me, and if I asked you, you would not answer. But from now on, the Son of Man will be seated at the right hand of the mighty God.” They all asked, “Are you then the Son of God?” He replied, “You are right in saying I am.” Matthew 22: 66-70

[Paul speaking in Antioch:] “The people of Jerusalem and their rulers did not recognize Jesus, yet in condemning him they fulfilled the words of the prophets that are read every Sabbath.…But God raised him from the dead….What God promised our fathers he has fulfilled for us, their children, by raising up Jesus. As it is written in the second Psalm: ‘You are my Son; today I have become your Father.’…”Matthew 22: 66-70

His Eternal Past and Future Existence:

But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times. Micah 5: 2

“I will be his father, and he will be my son.…I will set him over my house and my kingdom forever; his throne will be established forever.” I Chronicles 7: 11-14

“I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom.…I will be his father, and he will be my son.…your throne will be established forever.” II Samuel 7: 11-16

For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David's throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. Isaiah 9: 6-7

“Who has done this and carried it through, calling forth the generations from the beginning? I, the LORD —with the first of them and with the last—I am he.” Isaiah 41: 4

This is what the LORD says—Israel's King and Redeemer, the LORD Almighty: “I am the first and I am the last; apart from me there is no God. Who then is like me? Let him proclaim it. Let him declare and lay out before me what has happened since I established my ancient people, and what is yet to come—yes, let him foretell what will come. Do not tremble, do not be afraid. Did I not proclaim this and foretell it long ago? You are my witnesses. Is there any God besides me? No, there is no other Rock; I know not one.” Isaiah 44: 6-8

“Listen to me, O Jacob, Israel, whom I have called: I am he; I am the first and I am the last.” Isaiah 48: 12

In the beginning you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. Psalms 102: 25

“I was appointed from eternity, from the beginning, before the world began.…Then I was the craftsman at his side. I was filled with delight day after day, rejoicing always in his presence, rejoicing in his whole world and delighting in mankind.” Psalms 8: 22-31
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He is before all things, and in him all things hold together. Colossians 1: 17

In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning. Through him all things were made; without him nothing was made that has been made. In him was life, and that life was the light of men. John 1: 1-4

“You are not yet fifty years old,” the Jews said to him, “and you have seen Abraham!&38221; &38220;I tell you the truth,” Jesus answered, “before Abraham was born, I am!” John 8: 57-58

“And now, Father, glorify me in your presence with the glory I had with you before the world began.…Father, I want those you have given me to be with me where I am, and to see my glory, the glory you have given me because you loved me before the creation of the world.” John 17: 5-24

[John speaking:] When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. Then he placed his right hand on me and said: “Do not be afraid. I am the First and the Last. I am the Living One; I was dead, and behold I am alive for ever and ever!” Revelation 1: 17-18

“To the angel of the church in Smyrna write: These are the words of him who is the First and the Last, who died and came to life again.” Revelation 2: 8

“I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End. ” Revelation 22: 13

To be called Lord:

The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.” Psalms 110: 1

In his days Judah will be saved and Israel will live in safety. This is the name by which he will be called: The LORD Our Righteousness. Jeremiah 23: 6
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Today in the town of David a Savior has been born to you; he is Christ the Lord. Luke 2: 11

He said to them, “How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’? For he says, ‘The Lord said to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.”’ If then David calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?” No one could say a word in reply, and from that day on no one dared to ask him any more questions. Matthew 22: 43-46

To be Immanuel (God with us):

Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel. Isaiah 7: 14
740BC All this took place to fulfill what the Lord had said through the prophet: ‘The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and they will call him Immanuel’ — which means, ‘God with us.’ Matthew 1: 22-23

They were all filled with awe and praised God. “A great prophet has appeared among us,” they said. “God has come to help his people.” Luke 7: 16

To be a prophet:

I will raise up for them a prophet like you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him. Deuteronomy 18: 18
1425BC The crowds answered, “This is Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth in Galilee.” Matthew 21: 11

They were all filled with awe and praised God. “A great prophet has appeared among us,” they said. “God has come to help his people.” Luke 7: 16

“Sir,” the woman said, “I can see that you are a prophet.” John 4: 19

After the people saw the miraculous sign that Jesus did, they began to say, “Surely this is the Prophet who is to come into the world.” John 6: 14

On hearing his words, some of the people said, “Surely this man is the Prophet.” John 7: 40

To be priest:

The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind: “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.” Psalms 110: 4
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So Christ also did not take upon himself the glory of becoming a high priest. But God said to him, “You are my Son; today I have become your Father.” And he says in another place, “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.” Hebrews 5: 5-6

To be judge:

For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; it is he who will save us. Isaiah 33: 22
740BC By myself I can do nothing; I judge only as I hear, and my judgment is just, for I seek not to please myself but him who sent me. John 5: 30

In the presence of God and of Christ Jesus, who will judge the living and the dead, and in view of his appearing and his kingdom, I give you this charge… II Timothy 4: 1

To be king:

The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the LORD and against his Anointed One. “Let us break their chains,” they say, “and throw off their fetters.” The One enthroned in heaven laughs; the Lord scoffs at them. Then he rebukes them in his anger and terrifies them in his wrath, saying, “I have installed my King on Zion, my holy hill.” Psalms 2: 2-6

Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey. Zechariah 9: 9

“The days are coming,” declares the LORD, “when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land….” Jeremiah 23: 5
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Above his head they placed the written charge against him: THIS IS JESUS, THE KING OF THE JEWS. Matthew 27:: 37

This took place to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet: “Say to the Daughter of Zion, ‘See, your king comes to you, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey.’ ” Matthew 21: 4-5

“You are a king, then!” said Pilate. Jesus answered, “You are right in saying I am a king. In fact, for this reason I was born, and for this I came into the world, to testify to the truth. Everyone on the side of truth listens to me.” John 18: 37

To be anointed by the Spirit of the Lord

The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him — the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of power, the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD. Isaiah 11: 2

You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy. Psalms 45: 7

“Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him and he will bring justice to the nations.…” Isaiah 42: 1

“The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me, because the LORD has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners, to proclaim the year of the LORD's favor and the day of vengeance of our God, to comfort all who mourn…” Isaiah 61: 1-2
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He taught in their synagogues, and everyone praised him. He went to Nazareth, where he had been brought up, and on the Sabbath day he went into the synagogue, as was his custom. And he stood up to read. The scroll of the prophet Isaiah was handed to him. Unrolling it, he found the place where it is written: “The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed, to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor.” Then he rolled up the scroll, gave it back to the attendant and sat down. The eyes of everyone in the synagogue were fastened on him, and he began by saying to them, “Today this scripture is fulfilled in your hearing.” Luke 4: 15-21

Aware of this, Jesus withdrew from that place. Many followed him, and he healed all their sick, warning them not to tell who he was. This was to fulfill what was spoken through the prophet Isaiah: “Here is my servant whom I have chosen, the one I love, in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him, and he will proclaim justice to the nations. He will not quarrel or cry out; no one will hear his voice in the streets. A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out, till he leads justice to victory. In his name the nations will put their hope.” Matthew 12: 15-21

As soon as Jesus was baptized, he went up out of the water. At that moment heaven was opened, and he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove and lighting on him. And a voice from heaven said, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.” Matthew 3:: 16-17

As Jesus was coming up out of the water, he saw heaven being torn open and the Spirit descending on him like a dove. And a voice came from heaven: “You are my Son, whom I love; with you I am well pleased.” Mark 1: 10-11

Then John gave this testimony: “I saw the Spirit come down from heaven as a dove and remain on him. I would not have known him, except that the one who sent me to baptize with water told me, ‘The man on whom you see the Spirit come down and remain is he who will baptize with the Holy Spirit.’” John 1: 32

To have zeal for God

…for zeal for your house consumes me, and the insults of those who insult you fall on me. Psalms 69: 9

My zeal wears me out, for my enemies ignore your words. Psalms 119: 139
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So he made a whip out of cords, and drove all from the temple area, both sheep and cattle; he scattered the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables. To those who sold doves he said, “Get these out of here! How dare you turn my Father's house into a market!” His disciples remembered that it is written: “Zeal for your house will consume me.” John 2: 15-17

The Messiah's Ministry Foretold

Prophecy Date Fulfillment

To have a forerunner:

…A voice of one calling: “In the desert prepare the way for the LORD; make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God.…” Isaiah 40: 3

“See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple; the messenger of the covenant, whom you desire, will come,” says the LORD Almighty. Malachi 3: 1
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In those days John the Baptist came, preaching in the Desert of Judea and saying, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.” This is he who was spoken of through the prophet Isaiah: “A voice of one calling in the desert, ‘Prepare the way for the Lord, make straight paths for him.’ ” Matthew 3: 1-3

As John's disciples were leaving, Jesus began to speak to the crowd about John: “What did you go out into the desert to see? A reed swayed by the wind? 8If not, what did you go out to see? A man dressed in fine clothes? No, those who wear fine clothes are in kings' palaces. Then what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet. This is the one about whom it is written: ‘I will send my messenger ahead of you, who will prepare your way before you.’ ”[ Matthew 11: 7-10

John replied in the words of Isaiah the prophet, “I am the voice of one calling in the desert, ‘Make straight the way for the Lord.’ ” John 1: 23

But the angel said to him: “Do not be afraid, Zechariah; your prayer has been heard. Your wife Elizabeth will bear you a son, and you are to give him the name John. He will be a joy and delight to you, and many will rejoice because of his birth, for he will be great in the sight of the Lord. He is never to take wine or other fermented drink, and he will be filled with the Holy Spirit even from birth. Many of the people of Israel will he bring back to the Lord their God. And he will go on before the Lord, in the spirit and power of Elijah, to turn the hearts of the fathers to their children and the disobedient to the wisdom of the righteous — to make ready a people prepared for the Lord.” Luke 1: 13-17

And they asked him, “Why do the teachers of the law say that Elijah must come first?” Jesus replied, “To be sure, Elijah does come first, and restores all things. Why then is it written that the Son of Man must suffer much and be rejected? But I tell you, Elijah has come, and they have done to him everything they wished, just as it is written about him.” Mark 9: 11-13

[Paul in the synagogue at Pisidium Antioch:] Before the coming of Jesus, John preached repentance and baptism to all the people of Israel. As John was completing his work, he said: “Who do you think I am? I am not that one. No, but he is coming after me, whose sandals I am not worthy to untie.” Acts 13: 24-25

To begin ministering in Galilee:

Nevertheless, there will be no more gloom for those who were in distress. In the past he humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future he will honor Galilee of the Gentiles, by the way of the sea, along the Jordan — The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned. Isaiah 9: 1-2
740BC When Jesus heard that John had been put in prison, he returned to Galilee. Leaving Nazareth, he went and lived in Capernaum, which was by the lake in the area of Zebulun and Naphtali — to fulfill what was said through the prophet Isaiah: “Land of Zebulun and land of Naphtali, the way to the sea, along the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles — the people living in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned.” From that time on Jesus began to preach, “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.” Matthew 4: 12-17

To perform miracles:

Then will the eyes of the blind be opened and the ears of the deaf unstopped. Then will the lame leap like a deer, and the mute tongue shout for joy. Isaiah 35: 5-6a

Then the eyes of those who see will no longer be closed, and the ears of those who hear will listen. The mind of the rash will know and understand… Isaiah 32: 3-4
740BC Jesus went through all the towns and villages, teaching in their synagogues, preaching the good news of the kingdom and healing every disease and sickness. Matthew 9: 35

The Messiah's Betrayal, Trial, and Death Foretold

Prophecy Date Fulfillment

Plotted Against:

“Because the LORD revealed their plot to me, I knew it, for at that time he showed me what they were doing. I had been like a gentle lamb led to the slaughter….” Jeremiah 11: 18-19
629BC But the Pharisees went out and plotted how they might kill Jesus. Matthew 12: 14

After this, Jesus went around in Galilee. He did not want to go about in Judea because the Jewish leaders there were looking for a way to kill him. John 7: 1

So from that day on they plotted to take his life. John 11: 53

Betrayal by a Friend:

Even my close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread, has lifted up his heel against me. Psalms 41: 9

If an enemy were insulting me, I could endure it; if a foe were raising himself against me, I could hide from him. But it is you, a man like myself, my companion, my close friend, with whom I once enjoyed sweet fellowship as we walked with the throng at the house of God. Psalms 55: 12-14
1000BC



1000BC
…and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him. Matthew 10: 4

Going at once to Jesus, Judas said, “Greetings, Rabbi!” and kissed him. Jesus replied, “Friend, do what you came for.” Then the men stepped forward, seized Jesus and arrested him. Matthew 26: 49, 50

After he had said this, Jesus was troubled in spirit and testified, “I tell you the truth, one of you is going to betray me.” His disciples stared at one another, at a loss to know which of them he meant. One of them, the disciple whom Jesus loved, was reclining next to him. Simon Peter motioned to this disciple and said, “Ask him which one he means.” Leaning back against Jesus, he asked him, “Lord, who is it?” Jesus answered, “It is the one to whom I will give this piece of bread when I have dipped it in the dish.” Then, dipping the piece of bread, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, son of Simon. John 13: 21-26

Sold for 30 Pieces of Silver:

I told them, “If you think it best, give me my pay; but if not, keep it.” So they paid me thirty pieces of silver. Zechariah 11: 12

If an enemy were insulting me, I could endure it; if a foe were raising himself against me, I could hide from him. But it is you, a man like myself, my companion, my close friend, with whom I once enjoyed sweet fellowship as we walked with the throng at the house of God. Psalms 55: 12-14
520BC



1000BC
Then one of the Twelve — the one called Judas Iscariot — went to the chief priests and asked, “What are you willing to give me if I hand him over to you?” So they counted out for him thirty silver coins. From then on Judas watched for an opportunity to hand him over. Matthew 26: 14-16

When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty silver coins to the chief priests and the elders. “I have sinned,” he said, “for I have betrayed innocent blood.” “What is that to us?” they replied. “That's your responsibility.” Matthew 27: 3, 4

Silver Thrown in God's House:

And the LORD said to me, “Throw it to the potter” — the handsome price at which they priced me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the LORD to the potter.Zechariah 11: 13
520BC So Judas threw the money into the temple and left. Then he went away and hanged himself. Matthew 27: 5

Silver to Go to Potter:

And the LORD said to me, “Throw it to the potter” — the handsome price at which they priced me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the LORD to the potter.Zechariah 11: 13
520BC The chief priests picked up the coins and said, “It is against the law to put this into the treasury, since it is blood money.” So they decided to use the money to buy the potter's field as a burial place for foreigners. Matthew 27: 6, 7

Abandoned by His Disciples:

“…Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered…” Zechariah 13: 7
520BC Then Jesus told them, “This very night you will all fall away on account of me, for it is written: ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep of the flock will be scattered.’” Matthew 26: 31

“You will all fall away,” Jesus told them, “for it is written: ‘I will strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered.’” Mark 14: 27

Then everyone deserted him and fled. Mark 14: 50

Falsely Accused:

Ruthless witnesses come forward; they question me on things I know nothing about. Psalms 35: 11
1000BC The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for false evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death. But they did not find any, though many false witnesses came forward. Matthew 26: 59, 60

Silent When Accused:

He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before its shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. Isaiah 53: 7
740BC When he was accused by the chief priests and the elders, he gave no answer. Matthew 27: 12

Wounded and Battered:

But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed. Isaiah 53: 5
740BC Then he released Barabbas to them. But he had Jesus flogged, and handed him over to be crucified. Matthew 27: 26

Beaten and Spit Upon:

“I offered my back to those who beat me, my cheeks to those who pulled out my beard; I did not hide my face from mocking and spitting.” Isaiah 50: 6
740BC Then they spit in his face and struck him with their fists. Others slapped him 68 and said, “Prophesy to us, Messiah. Who hit you?” Matthew 26: 67

The men who were guarding Jesus began mocking and beating him. They blindfolded him and demanded, “Prophesy! Who hit you?” And they said many other insulting things to him. Luke 22: 63-65

Mocked:

“All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads. ‘He trusts in the LORD,’ they say, ‘let the LORD rescue him.’ ” Psalms 22: 7-8
1000BC After they had mocked him, they took off the robe and put his own clothes on him. Then they led him away to crucify him. Matthew 27: 31

Too Weak to Carry the Cross:

“I fade away like an evening shadow; I am shaken off like a locust. My knees give way from fasting; my body is thin and gaunt. I am an object of scorn to my accusers; when they see me, they shake their heads.” Psalms 109: 23-25
1000BC Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha). John 19: 17

As the soldiers led him away, they seized Simon from Cyrene, who was on his way in from the country, and put the cross on him and made him carry it behind Jesus. Luke 23: 26

Hands and Feet Pierced:

“Dogs surround me, a pack of villains encircles me; they pierce my hands and my feet.” Psalms 22: 16
1000BC When they came to the place called the Skull, they crucified him there…. John 19: 17 [Roman crucifixion involved the piercing of hands and feet.]

Executed Alongside Thieves:

…he poured out his life unto death, and was numbered with the transgressors…. Isaiah 53: 12
740BC Two rebels were crucified with him, one on his right and one on his left. Matthew 27: 38

Interceded for His Persecutors:

…For he bore the sin of many, and made intercession for the transgressors. Isaiah 53: 12
740BC Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” Luke 23: 34

Rejected by His Own:

He was despised and rejected by mankind, a man of suffering, and familiar with pain. Like one from whom people hide their faces he was despised, and we held him in low esteem. Isaiah 53: 3
740BC For even his own brothers did not believe in him.…“Have any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him? No!…” John 7: 5, 48

Hated for No Reason:

“Those who hate me without reason outnumber the hairs of my head; many are my enemies without cause, those who seek to destroy me.”
Psalms 69: 4
1000BC “But this is to fulfill what is written in their Law: ‘They hated me without reason.’” John 15: 25

Friends Distanced Themselves:

“My friends and companions avoid me because of my wounds; my neighbors stay far away.” Psalms 38: 11
1000BC But all those who knew him, including the women who had followed him from Galilee, stood at a distance, watching these things. Luke 23: 49

Onlookers Shook Their Heads:

“I am an object of scorn to my accusers when they see me, they shake their heads.” Psalms 109: 25
1000BC Those who passed by hurled insults at him, shaking their heads…. Matthew 27: 39

Stared At:

“All my bones are on display; people stare and gloat over me. ” Psalms 22: 17
1000BC The people stood watching, and the rulers even sneered at him. Luke 23: 35

Cast Lots for Clothing:

“They divide my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment.” Psalms 22: 18
1000BC When the soldiers crucified Jesus, they took his clothes, dividing them into four shares, one for each of them, with the undergarment remaining. This garment was seamless, woven in one piece from top to bottom. “Let's not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let's decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They divided my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment.” So this is what the soldiers did. John 19: 23-25

Thirsty:

“They put gall in my food and gave me vinegar for my thirst.” Psalms 69: 21
1000BC Later, knowing that everything had now been finished, and so that Scripture would be fulfilled, Jesus said, “I am thirsty.” John 19: 28

Given gall and vinegar:

“They put gall in my food and gave me vinegar for my thirst.” Psalms 22: 18
1000BC There they offered Jesus wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, he refused to drink it. Matthew 27: 34

Forsaken Cry:

“My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” Psalms 22: 1
1000BC About three in the afternoon Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?” (which means “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”). Matthew 27: 46

Commits Himself to the Father:

“Into your hands I commit my spirit….” Psalms 31: 5
1000BC Jesus called out with a loud voice, “Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” When he had said this, he breathed his last. Luke 23: 46

Bones Unbroken:

…he protects all his bones, not one of them will be broken. Psalms 34: 20
1000BC But when they came to Jesus and found that he was already dead, they did not break his legs. John 19: 33

Heart Literally Broken:

My heart has turned to wax; it has melted within me. Psalms 22: 14
1000BC Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. [The blood and water indicate a ruptured heart.] John 19: 34

Pierced:

“They will look on me, the one they have pierced….” Zechariah 12: 10
520BC Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. John 19: 34

Darkness at Midday:

“In that day,” declares the Sovereign LORD, “I will make the sun go down at noon and darken the earth in broad daylight.” Amos 8: 9
765BC Instead, one of the soldiers pierced Jesus' side with a spear, bringing a sudden flow of blood and water. Matthew 27: 45

Buried With the Rich:

He was assigned a grave with the wicked, and with the rich in his death…. Isaiah 53: 9
740BC As evening approached, there came a rich man from Arimathea, named Joseph, who had himself become a disciple of Jesus. Going to Pilate, he asked for Jesus' body, and Pilate ordered that it be given to him. Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean linen cloth, and placed it in his own new tomb that he had cut out of the rock. He rolled a big stone in front of the entrance to the tomb and went away. Matthew 27: 57-60

Daniel's Timetable:

Know and understand this: From the time the word goes out to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until the Anointed One, the ruler, comes, there will be seven ‘sevens,’ and sixty-two ‘sevens.’…After the sixty-two ‘sevens,’ the Anointed One will be put to death…. Daniel 9: 25, 26
552BC [Daniel's “weeks” (literally “sevens”) are thought to indicate seven-lunar-year (according to the Jewish calendar, rather than our modern solar-year calendar) periods. Seven “sevens” and sixty-two “sevens” would total sixty-nine “sevens,” or 483 lunar years. The Persian ruler Artaxerxes issued the decree regarding rebuilding and fortifying Jerusalem in 444 B.C. (see Nehemiah 2: 1-8). 483 lunar years later would calculate to 33 A.D., which seems to be in agreement with the actual date of the crucifixion of Jesus, the Anointed One.

Daniel was appointed chief administrator of Persia (see Daniel 6). Over five hundred years later the scholarly Magi, who were probably from Persia, went on their journey to Jerusalem. The Magi likely were familiar with the writings of Daniel, as well as other prophets, as indicated by their search for the “king of the Jews.” Their possible knowledge of Daniel's “weeks” may have added to their sense of urgency regarding their mission.]

The Messiah's Resurrection and Ascension Foretold

Prophecy Date Fulfillment

Resurrection:

Therefore my heart is glad and my tongue rejoices; my body also will rest secure, because you will not abandon me to the grave, nor will you let your Holy One see decay. Psalms 16: 9-10

O LORD, you brought me up from the grave; you spared me from going down into the pit. Psalms 30: 3
1000BC



1000BC
Brothers, I can tell you confidently that the patriarch David died and was buried, and his tomb is here to this day. But he was a prophet and knew that God had promised him on oath that he would place one of his descendants on his throne. Seeing what was ahead, he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to the grave, nor did his body see decay. God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of the fact. Acts 2: 29-32

“We tell you the good news: What God promised our fathers he has fulfilled for us, their children, by raising up Jesus. As it is written in the second Psalm: ‘You are my Son; today I have become your Father.’ The fact that God raised him from the dead, never to decay, is stated in these words: ‘I will give you the holy and sure blessings promised to David.’ So it is stated elsewhere: ‘You will not let your Holy One see decay.’” Acts 13: 32-35

He told them, “This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day…” Luke 24: 46

“Don't be alarmed,” he said. “You are looking for Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He has risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid him. But go, tell his disciples and Peter, ‘He is going ahead of you into Galilee. There you will see him, just as he told you.’” Mark 16: 6

The angel said to the women, “Do not be afraid, for I know that you are looking for Jesus, who was crucified. He is not here; he has risen, just as he said. Come and see the place where he lay. Then go quickly and tell his disciples: ‘He has risen from the dead and is going ahead of you into Galilee. There you will see him.’ Now I have told you.” Matthew 28: 5-7

Ascension:

When you ascended on high, you led captives in your train; you received gifts from men, even from the rebellious — that you, O LORD God, might dwell there. Praise be to the Lord, to God our Savior, who daily bears our burdens. Selah. Psalms 68: 18-19
1000BC After he said this, he was taken up before their very eyes, and a cloud hid him from their sight.Acts 1: 9

Seated at God's right hand:

The LORD says to my Lord: “Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.” Psalms 110: 1
1000BC The Son is the radiance of God's glory and the exact representation of his being, sustaining all things by his powerful word. After he had provided purification for sins, he sat down at the right hand of the Majesty in heaven. Hebrews 1: 3

After the Lord Jesus had spoken to them, he was taken up into heaven and he sat at the right hand of God. Mark 16: 19

Seeing what was ahead, he spoke of the resurrection of the Christ, that he was not abandoned to the grave, nor did his body see decay. God has raised this Jesus to life, and we are all witnesses of the fact. Exalted to the right hand of God, he has received from the Father the promised Holy Spirit and has poured out what you now see and hear. For David did not ascend to heaven, and yet he said, “The Lord said to my Lord: ‘Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.’” Acts 2: 31-36

“Write down the revelation and make it plain on tablets so that a herald may run with it. For the revelation awaits an appointed time; it speaks of the end and will not prove false. Though it linger, wait for it; it will certainly come and will not delay.” (Habakkuk 2: 2-3)